After consulting the ruling party and its allies, the opposition, civil society, the CENI and President Alpha Condé, the mission of the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and Kofi Annan Foundation in Guinea published, on Friday, December 13, 2019, their report.
Throughout the visit, the mission assessed the Guinean political environment, the upcoming legislative elections, and the initiatives in progress to support a peaceful legislative election.
The delegation believes that with greater political will and a substantive dialogue, many challenges can be met in the current political environment leading up to the legislative elections of February 2020 to strengthen the confidence and participation of citizens in the process and to lessen violence before, during and after elections.
During a press conference organized on the evening of this Friday, December 13, 2019, in a hotel reception in Conakry, the joint international delegation of the NDI (National Democratic Institute) and the KAF (Kofi Annan foundation) published the preliminary observations of their pre-electoral assessment mission which took place from Monday 9th to Thursday 13th of this month in Conakry and which was based on many meetings with the social political actors of Guinea.
In their 11-page report, the delegation led by the former heads of state of Nigeria (Goodluck Jonathan) and Benin (Nicéphore Soglo) indicated that they had found among all the actors affected during these consultations, the strong desire to have peaceful, inclusive and credible legislative elections in 2020.
However, this mission notes a growing agitation in the country troubled by demonstrations since October, the question related to the credibility of the electoral roll, the management of the elections. The delegation mainly asked the Guinean government to clarify more their position on the constitutional basis of Guinea.
Here are the delegation’s recommendations on December 13th, 2019.
In the spirit of international cooperation, the delegation therefore proposes the following recommendations:
To the government of the Republic of Guinea
Clarify further its position regarding speculation on the country’s constitutional basis in order to strengthen the confidence of citizens in its commitment to strengthen democracy and to promote peaceful and credible parliamentary elections.
Create regular communication platforms between the civilian population and the security services at national and regional levels in order to prevent new clashes between demonstrators and security services and recurrent violence.
To the Independent National Electoral Commission (CENI)
Communicate extensively on its activities related to legislative elections, including in particular using modern communication platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and a regularly updated web page, which are used by young people who make up the bulk of the ‘electorate.
Conduct a strong awareness campaign so that voters are aware of the need to verify their enrolment status and that citizens are informed of the procedures to confirm their enrolment status once the list is finalized.
Take reasonable steps to ensure the completeness and accuracy of the voters list, including the verification of the eligibility of potential minors, while ensuring that these procedures do not deprive eligible voters of their rights.
In consultation with the Inter-Parties Committee (IPC), promptly determine the status of voters with partial information in the final electoral roll, including incomplete biometric data, and agree on procedures to facilitate their exercise of the right to vote. Make these decisions public.
Activate a restricted technical unit within the IPC with multipartite representation to supervise the process of voter registration on the voters list.
To actively publish and widely broadcast information on the most important activities of the CENI, for example the distribution of voter cards, in order to optimize the collect of these cards by voters and to minimize any confusion concerning the process on polling day.
Publish timely data on election results by polling station and in an analysable format accessible to all, to build public confidence in the results.
Provide clear guidelines on the appropriate jurisdiction, processes and timelines for the filing and resolution of electoral disagreements. Including disagreements related to the voter registration process and election results
At the Constitutional Court
Ensure fair, swift and transparent judgment of electoral disputes, including those related to the recruitment of candidates and election results.
To political parties
Participate more actively in platforms created to facilitate dialogue between the parties, such as the follow-up committee to the October 12th agreement and those aimed at facilitating communications with the CENI such as the CIP, which are ways to reduce excessive polarization, conflicts and violence.
Take concrete steps to appoint women candidates to comply with the May 2019 gender parity law in all elected offices.
Respect the Code of good behaviour for political parties and educate their members to do the same, and participate in monitoring, documentation and communication on all phases of the electoral process.
To Guinean civil society and media
Intensify their efforts to monitor and report on all phases of the electoral process in a professional and objective manner.
Engage in targeted civic and voter education efforts on the electoral process for women, youth and other historically marginalized groups.
To the international community
Maintain the interest and support for peaceful, inclusive and credible elections in Guinea.
Increase support for Guinean civil society organizations engaged in advocacy and other actions that support credible elections, and supplement these efforts with fact-finding missions that could build citizens’ confidence in the electoral process.
Mamadou Dian Donghol Diallo.